1.On the island of Great Britain, there are __c______.
[A]four political divisions—England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
[B]four political divisions—England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland
[C]three political divisions—England, Scotland, and Wales
[D]three political divisions—England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland
2.The largest lake in Britain is __b____.
[A]Loch Lomond [B]the Lough Neagh
3.Britain’s climate is influenced by __a_____ that sweeps up from the equator and flows past the British Isles.
[A]the Gulf Strteam [B]the Brazil Current
[C]the Labrador Current [D]the Falkland current
4.Langd enclosure in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands led to mass emigration, particularly to ___d____.
[A]Africa [B]Eastern Europe
[C]Asia [D]the Americas
5.Christianity was first brought to England by ___a___.
[A]the Romans [B]the Celts
[C]the Anglo-Saxons [D]the Danes
6.William, Duke of Normandy, fought King Harold of England at the Battle of Hastings in ___b___.
7.When Wales was brought under th e English Crown, the title of “Prince of Wales” was borne by ___d___, the eldest son of the reigning monarch.
[A]Richard I [B]Henry III
[C]Edward I [D]Edward II
8.The Hundred Years’ War with France was fought ____b_.
[A]from 1327 to 1453 [B]from 1337 to 1453
[C]from 1347 to 1453 [D]from 1357 to 1453
9.The Black Death, which ravaged England in 1348-49, carried off _d_____.
[A]three fourths of the population [B]one fourth of the population
[C]one fifth of the population [D]one half to one third of the population
10.In England, the most famous of the Catholic conspiracies was __b__.
[A]the Cobham’s Plot [B]the Gunpowder Plot
[C]the murder of Thomas Becket [D]the execution of Mary Queen of Scots
11.The law, which joined England and Scotland in 1707, was __b____.
[A]the Act of Supremacy [B]the Act of Union
[C]the Reform Act [D]the Magna Carta
12.In the United Kingdom, free medical care for everyone and financial help for the old, the sick and the unemployed, which have become available since 1948, are the foundation of __a_____.
[A]the welfare state [B]the National Health Service
[C]the civil service [D]the National Insurance Fund
13.The largest state of the United States is __b____.
14.Recently most of the immigration to the United States has been from __b_____.
[A]Asian countries [B]Asian and Hispanic countries
[C]Eastern European countries [D]former Soviet republics
15.The Bill of rights is the term used for _a_____ to the Constitution of the United States.
[A]the first ten amendments [B]the last five amendments
[C]the tenth amendment [D]the most important amendment
16.The declaration of Independdence was drafted by ___a___.
[A]Thomas Jefferson [B]George Washington
[C]Benjamin Franklin [D]John Adarms
17.American presidents are elected ___b____.
[A]every two years [B]every four years
[C]every five years [D]every six years
18.On Memorial Day, a grand ceremony is held at ___d____ in Washington D.C.
[A]the Lincoln Memorial [B]the Washington Monument
[C]the White House Lawn [D]the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
19.The goal of Roosevelt’s New Deal was __a_____.
[A]to save the American economic and political system
[B]to change the American economic system
[C]to weaken monopoly interests in America
[D]to nationalize banks and financial institutions in America
20.The American policy towards the Soviet Union after the Second World War was __c____.
[A]cooperation [B]cold war
21.McCarthyism refers to the anti-Communist hysteria whipped up by Senator McCarthy ____b___.
[A]after W W I [B]in the early 1950s
[C]during W W II [D]in the 1960s
22.The earliest institution of higher learning set up in America was ____c___.
[A]Harvard University [B]Yale University
[C]Harvard College [D]Chicago University
23.The United States has less than 6% of the world’s population; yet it produces about __b____ of t he total world output.
[A]20% [B]25% [C]30% [D]35%
24.___d_____ was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.
[A]Mark Twain [B]Walt Whitman
[C]T.S. Eliot [D]Ernest Hemingway
25.With regard to its size, Australia is __d______ country in the world.
[A]the third largest [B]the fourth largest
[C]the fifth largest [D]the sixth largest
26.It is assumed that the first Europeans who reached Australia’s shor es were __d____.
[A]the Dutch [B]the English
[C]the Germans [D]the Spanish and Portugese
27.Frderalism is a system of government in which __b______.
[A]power is given to a central government which deals with all matters of national interest
[B]power is distributed between two tiers of government, each exercising its allotted powers independent of the ot her
[C]a central government has no real power and it must depend on the other tier of government
[D]one tier of government must depend on the other tier of government
28.In Australia, under __b____ the legislation to provide equal pay for men and women doing the same work was passed.
[A]the Fraser government [B]the Whitlam government
[C]the Haeke government [D]the Keating government
29.The mainly British nature of Australian society has been challenged since the third wav e of migration because ___c____.
[A]many new migrants are unskilled workers
[B]many new migrants are not used to the Australian way of life
[C]many new migrants come from the non-English-speaking world
[D]many new migrants feel rejected in Australia
30.There is a continuing debate in Australia about _____b___.
[A]whether Australia should join the EEC (now European Union)
[B]whether Australia should remain a monarchy or become a republic
[C]whether Australia should develop its own manufacturing
[D]whether Australia should build its own defence