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北京市西城区2015年初三二模试卷

英语

2015.6

四、单项填空(共10分,每小题1分)

从下面各题所的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

21.Mr.GreenteachesusEnglishandwealllove______.

A.himB.hisC.heD.Himself

22.—Whereshallwemeet?

—Howabout_______thebusstop?

A.overB.toC.atD.under

23.—_______isyourfavoritemovie?

—X-Man,ofcourse.

A.HowB.WhoC.WhoseD.What

24.Robinisagreatactor,______heisalsoagoodfather.

A.orB.butC.soD.and

25.—______Ihaveataste,Mom?

—I’mafraidyoucan’t.It’stoohot.

A.MustB.CanC.NeedD.Should

26.Heyoutheanswerassoonasheworksitout.

A.toldB.tellsC.willtellD.wastelling

27.—Whotocleantheclassroomyesterday?

—LiMing.

A.helpsB.helpedC.ishelpingD.willhelp

28.Hepaintingfor5yearsandhepaintswell.

A.learntB.waslearningC.haslearntD.willlearn

29.Therewasastrongwindlastnightandtheclouds.

A.wereblownawayB.willbeblownaway

C.blewawayD.blowaway

30.—Jessicawantstoknow.

—Tellherwe’llbetherebefore11:00a.m.tomorrow.

A.whendidwearriveB.whenwearrived

C.whenwillwearriveD.whenwewillarrive

五、完形填空(共15分,每小题1.5分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

JohnandMaryhadanicehomeandtwolovelychildren,aboyandagirl.OnceJohnwasaskedtogoonabusinesstripandMaryneededtogoalongtoo.Theyfoundababysittertocareforthe31andmadethetrip,returninghomealittleearlierthantheyhadplanned.

Astheydroveintotheirhometown,they32smoke,andtheywenttoseewhatitwas.Theyfoundahomeonfire.Marysaid,“Oh,well,itisn’tourhome.Let’sgo.”

ButJohndrove33andsaid,“ThehomebelongstoFredJoneswhoworksatthefactory.Hewouldn’tbeoffworkyet,maybethere’ssomethingwewoulddo.”“Ithassomethingtodowithus,”saidMary.

ButJohndroveup,stoppedandfoundthewholehouseonfire.Awomaninthestreetwascrying,“Thechildren!34thechildren!”Johngrabbed(抓)herbytheshouldersaying,“Getaholdofyourselfandtelluswherethechildrenare!”“Inthe35,”criedthewoman,“downthehallandtotheleft.”

AlthoughMarydidn’tagree,Johnwethisclothesand36forthebathroomwhichwasfullofsmokeandheat.Hefoundthedoorandgrabbedtwochildren,holdingoneundereacharm.Ashelefthecouldhearsomeothersoundlikecrying.Hesentthetwobadly37andnearlysuffocated(窒息)childrenintowaitingarms.Thenhewastoldtwomorechildrenwerestillinthere.Marygrabbedhisarmandshouted,“John!Don’tgoback!Thathousewillfalldowninanysecond!”

Butheshookheroffandwentbackby38hiswaydownthesmoke-filledhallwayandintotheroom.Itseemedacenturyhadpassed39hefoundbothchildrenandstartedback.Theywerecoughingandheloweredhisbodytryingtogetsome40.Ashewalkeduptheendlesssteps,thethoughtwentthroughhismindthattherewassomethingstrangelyfamiliaraboutthelittlebodies,andatlastwhentheycameoutintothesunlightandfreshair,hefoundthathehadjustsavedhisownchildren.

Thebabysitterhadleftthematthishomewhileshedidsomeshopping.

31.A.childrenB.petC.gardenD.business

32.A.watchedB.recognizedC.noticedD.realized

33.A.fartherB.offC.backD.closer

34.A.FindB.GetC.MoveD.Hold

35.A.bathroomB.kitchenC.bedroomD.livingroom

36.A.lookedB.caredC.headedD.reached

37.A.frightenedB.surprisedC.sadD.sick

38.A.followingB.goingC.pushingD.feeling

39.A.afterB.beforeC.whenD.until

40.A.waterB.energyC.airD.light

六、阅读理解

A篇

Elizabeth

Blackwell

(1821-1910)

BorninEngland,ElizabethmovedtotheUnitedStateswhenshewas11yearsold.ShewasthefirstwomanintheU.S.tograduate(毕业)frommedicalschool.Shewasadoctorandateacher.In1857,Elizabethstartedamedicalschoolforwomen.

ShirleyChisholm

(1924-2005)

ShirleywasborninNewYorkCity.ShewasthefirstblackwomantoserveinCongress(国会).Sheserveduntil1983.In1972,ShirleyranforPresident,whowasthefirstAfrican-Americanwomantodoso.

SandraO'connor

(1930-)

SandrawasborninTexas.Afterfinishinglawschool,Sandraworkedasalawer.Later,shewasajudge.In1981,SandrabecamethefirstwomantoserveontheU.S.SupremeCourt(美国最高法院).Sheservedfor24years.

SallyRide

(1951-2012)

SallywasthefirstAmericanwomaninspace.Sherodeintospaceonthespaceshuttle(航天飞机)in1983whenshewas32.Afterthatmorethan42otherAmericanwomenflewinspace.ShealsotaughtphysicsattheUniversityofCaliforniainSanDiego.

41.WhendidElizabethstartamedicalschool?

A.In1857B.In1972C.In1981D.in1983

B.

42,WhendidShirleydoin1972?

A.ShemovedtotheUnitedStates.

B.SheranforPresident.

C.ShebegantoworkinNewYork.

D.Shefinishedlawschool.

43.WhooncetaughtphysicsinSanDiego?

A.ElizabethBlackwellB.ShirleyChishlom

C.SandraO’ConnorD.SallyRide

B

Thepassengerpigeon(旅鸽)usedtobeoneofthemostcommonbirdsontheearth.Acenturyago,theybecameextinct(灭绝).ScientistBenNovakisworkingtobringthebirdsback.Here,heexplainstouswhyweshouldbringpassengerpigeonsbackfromextinct.

Thepassengerpigeonisnotthebirdthatyouprobablyknow.It'sbeengonefromtheworldfor100years.Itmeansthatfewlivingpeoplehaveeverseenoneflyinginthesky.

ThepassengerpigeonliveddifferentlyfromotherbirdsinAmerica---inflocks(群)madeupmillionsofbirds.Theydarkenedtheskywhentheyflewintheair.Onereasontobringpassengerpigeonsbacktolifeisthatitwouldbewonderfultoseeaflockthatbig.Itwouldalsobecooltoseeanextinctanimal.

Butit'snotjustaboutdoingsomethingcool.Hugeflocksofpassengerpigeonsplayedakeyroleinshapingforests.Theweightofsomanybirdsrestinginthetreesbrokemanybranches(树枝).Thisallowedmoresunlighttoreachtheforestfloor,whichhelpedmoreplantsgrow.

Thebirdsalsoatealargenumberofplants.Thatinfluencedwhichtreesgrewintheforest.Ifwebringbackthepassengerpigeon,itwouldplayanimportantroleinshapingforestonceagain.

44.ScientistsBenNovakisworkingto________.

A.learnmoreabouttheforest.

B.findmorebirdsintheforest.

C.bringbackthepassengerpigeon.

D.Workoutthenumberofpigeons.

45.Whendidpassengerpigeonbecomeextinct?

A.10yearsago.B.50yearsago.C.100yearsago.D.500yearsago.

46.Howdidthepassengerpigeonlive?

A.Inflocks.B.InParis.

C.Byrestingindarkforests.D.Byrestingincoolplaces.

47.Howdidthepassengerpigeonhelpforests?

A.Byhelpingmoreplantsgrow.

B.Bykeepingmanybirdsaway.

C.Bystayingontheforestfloor.

D.Bypreventingsunlight.

C

Kidsdon’thaveavoice.Theyhavenowaytosharetheirideas.TEDxYouthisalocallyorganizedevent,wherelivetalksandrecordedvideosaresharedwiththecommunity(社区).TEDxYouthisalwaysheldonChildren’sDayeveryyear.Itbringstogetherbigideasfrom,andforkids.Moreimportantly,itencourageskidstosharetheirideaswiththeworld.

“Ageisbutanumber.You’renottooyoungtochangetheworld.Planninganeventalongsideyoungpeoplemakesyourealizethatkidshaveideasthatanadultmightusuallynotthinkof,”saidoneTEDxYouthspeaker.Anotherspeakersaid,“WhatIhavecometorealizeisthatnomatterwhereyouliveorhowoldyouare,everyoneiseagertobesomeonegreat.”

OrganizingaTEDxYoutheventshowsthatkidsareabletodomuchmorethanwhat’sexpected.Theytrulytakethiseventandmakeitevenmorethanwhateveryonehopesitwillbe.“Thefactthatyouth,justlikeme,hadplannedandruntheeventshockedmemost,”saidonevolunteer.“Ithoughttheeventwassurprising.Icouldn’tbelievethatkidsofmyagemadetheeventhappen.”

ThereareseveralwaystotakepartinTEDxYouth.Theeasiestwayistobecomeaspeaker,ifyouthinkyourideaisworthspreading.Anotherwayistoattendanevent.Andlastly,youcanbecomeaTEDxYouthReporter.Reporterstakepicturesfromtheeventandpostthemonline,andsendnewsaboutwhatishappeningatevent,interviewsomeofthespeakers,andwritearticlesabouttheevent.“Itwaswonderfultoseehowyouthteammemberswerewiththewholeeventandhowthankfultheywere(andstillare!)tobegivensuchanunbelievablechanceasbeingpartofaTEDxevent,”saidanorganizer.

TEDxYouthiswelcomingkidsfromeveryculturewhowanttohaveadeeperunderstandingoftheworld.Thosewhogetinvolvedwithitbelieveinthepowerofideas,whichcanchangeattitudes,livesandtheworld.

48.WhatisthemainpurposeofholdingaTEDxYouthevent?

A.Togivekidsachancetorecordvideos.B.Tospreadkids’ideasallovertheworld

C.ToraisemoneyforthelocalcommunityD.Tohelpkidswiththeirschoolwork

49.Whatdidavolunteerthinkoftheevent?

A.QuitetypicalB.PrettycrazyC.RatherdifficultD.Surprisinggood

50.Oneofareporter’sjobsisto____.

A.giveatalkB.dosomeinterviewsC.plananeventD.organizesomeactivities

51.Whatisthebesttitleofthispassage?

A.WhenIsTEDxYouthHeld?B.WhycanKidsRealizeTheirDreams?

C.HowCanKidsShareBigIdeas?D.WhatChangesCanTEDxYouthBringUs?

D

KamalMeattle,inNewDelhi,India,grows400plantsinhisofficebuilding’sgreenhousetohelpcleanitsindoorair.

OntheroofofanofficebuildinginIndia’scapital,theworld’ssmoggestcity,KamalMeattlehasaspecialwayofcleaningtheair:agreenhousewith400commonplants.Meattlehas800otherplantsspreadthroughoutitslowersixfloors,greeningeachroomandhallway.Theirjob:removeharmfulthingsfromtheoutdoorair.

Meattleusesrainwatertowaterthetreessothattheycangrowfasterandtakeinmorepollutants.He’saskingIndia’snewgovernmenttorequirerainwaterfarmingandtopaintroofs,andbuses,white.Andhe’spushingtobuildoneoftheworld’slargestparks,completewithgreenhouses.

AsMeattletellsit,hereallyhadnochoicebuttotrysomethingnew.“MydoctorstoldmetoleaveIndiain1992,”hesays,mentioninghisbreathingproblembecauseofthecity’sairpollution.Hedecidedtostay,tryinginsteadtosolveasociety-wideproblemthat’sbecomeincreasinglyserious.

“Delhi’sunfitforlivingbetweenOctoberandMarch,”Meattlesays,notinghowoftenitsairpollutionbecomes“veryunhealthy”oreven“dangerous”.Infact,NewDelhi’ssmogisnownearlythreetimesworsethanBeijing’s.TheWHOfoundthatthecityhadtheworld’sdirtiestair,andthecitiesfromsecondtofourtharealsoinIndia.India’sindoorairpollutionisevenworse.TheWHOsaysit’sIndia’ssecondbiggestkiller,afterhighbloodpressure,andresultsin1.3milliondeathseveryyear.

Butcanplantsreallycleantheair?

NASApublishedseveralstudiesinthe1980sshowingindoorplantscouldcleantheair.ItlatertestedthevalueoftheplantstobothcleanairandrecyclewasteinbuildingknownastheBioHome.Otherstudieshavealsosuggestedthatplantscouldhelpcleanindoorair.

Wolverton,aNASAresearcher,hasbeenworkinginJapan,whereplantshavebeenusedtomake50to60“ecologicalgardens(生态花园)”inhospitals.Hesaysthere’sgrowinginterestinSouthKoreaandChina.

Noteveryonebelievesthat.“Icertainlywouldnotcountonplantstocleanindoorair…”Togetthemtowork,you’dneedtoomanyplants,”saysJohnGirman.Hesaysa1,500-square-foothousewouldneed680plantsandtheresultwouldbe“anindoorforest”.

“Wehaveanairtreatmentplant,”Meattlesaysofhisidea.Theresult,headds,isfewerworkersickdays,greatproductivity,andairascleanasthatinDavos,Switzerland.

52.WhatdidMeattledoafterthedoctorsadvisedhimtoleaveIndia?

A.HewentabroadbetweenOctoberandMarch.

B.Heraisedmoneyforgrowingpantsinhisoffice.

C.Hetriedtosolvetheindoorairpollutionproblem.

D.Hecalledonpeopletocareabouttheenvironmentproblem.

53.Accordingtothepassage,theBioHomemightbe.

A.aplacetotesttheplants’roleincleaningtheindoorair

B.aplacetodoexperimentsonthesizeofindoorforest

C.aprojectabouthowplantscangrowwell

D.aprojectaboutwhatplantsarefitforoffices

54.FromthepassageweknowMeattleis.

A.honestandcaringB.emotionalandwise

C.experiencedandbraveD.creativeandreponsible

55.Thepassageismainlyabout.

A.anewpracticeofcleaningindoorair

B.plantstoreduceindoorairpollution

C.theseriousairpolutionproblem

D.Meattle’sfightagainstpollutedindoorair

七、阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文后的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳

选项。(共10分,每小题2分)

Justintime!

“Comeon,Sasha,”myfathershouted.“Putthebookdownandgetyourclarinet(竖笛).Wehavetoleavenowifyoudon’twanttomissclass.”

Clarinetclass?Ithoughttomyself.56.Yes,Iwouldliketomissclass.

“Coming!”57.Igotoutofthebedandpickedupmyclarinetandrushedtothecar.

Mydadstartedtheengineandwedroveoff.“Hopeyouhaveawonderfulclass,”Dadsaid.“Inmydreams,”Ispokeveryquietly.“Notagain.”Dadsaidangrily.

Ilookedoutofthewindow.58“Cartraffic,”Isaidundermybreathwithabigsmile.ThisismyluckydaybecauseIamgoingtomissclass.

Whilewewerewaitingforthecarstostartdrivingagain.Iwassittinginmycarseat,singingasong.59.What’simportantisthatIwasgoingtomissclass.Great!

“10minutespassed,”Isaidexcitedly.Mydadlookedatmeangrily.Thecarstartedtomove.

“Finally,”mydadtookadeepbreath.WegotthereandIhadonlymissedafewminutesofclass.60.

“Justintime,Sasha.Iwasthinkingyoumightbegettingworriedthatyouweregoingtomissclass,”myteachermadeajokeonme—knowingwellthatIhatedClarinetclass!

A.Unhappily,Iwentintotheclassroom

B.Oh,right,Ihadclarinetclass

C.Anyway,that’snotimportant

D.Ishoutedatthetopofmyvoice

E.Isawwhatwashappeningoutside

8、阅读短文,根据短文回答问题(共10分,每小题两分)

Communityactivityisaboutdoinginourcommunitybecausewewanttoorwefeelweshouldratherthanbecausewehaveto.

Therearelotsofwaystotakecivic(公共的)responsibilityandbeactiveinyourcommunity:

Joiningalocalenvironmentalorlean-upgroup,helpingwithaprimaryschoolplay.

Whatcanteenagersgetfrombeinginvolved?It’sdoesn’tmatterwhatteenagersdo.Anyinvolvementisgood!

●Rolemodels

Bygettinginvolvedwithcommunityactivities,teenagerscangetachancetoworkwithpositive(积极的)adultsrolemodelsbesidestheirparents.Workingwithotheradultsencouragesteenagerstoseetheworldindifferentways.

●Identity(身份)andconnection

Youngpeoplearebusyworkingoutwhotheyareandwheretheyfitintheworld.Beinginvolvedinthecommunityactivitiescangiveyourchildapositivewayofunderstandingwhoheis.Asaresult,bemightcometoseehimselfashelpfulorjusta“good”person.Beinginvolvedinthecommunityactivitiescanalsohelpcreateasenseofbeingconnectedtothecommunity.

●Skills

Communityactivitiesgivesteenagersthechancetousetheskillstheyalreadyhave.Forexample,yourchildcouldusethecookingskillshe’slearnedathomeatacommunitykitchen.Thiskindofexperiencegiveshimthechancetoseehowmanyskillshehasandhowvaluabletheycanbe.

Voluntaryworkandcommunityactivitiesaregreatopportunitiestodevelopskillstogetajob.

Beingabletomanagefreetimewhilebalancingfreetime,workandstudyisanimportantlifeskill.Beingpartofacommunityactivitycouldhelpyourchildtogetmoreorganisedandstarttomanageherowntime.

●Self-confidence,mentalhealthandwell-being

Findingacommunityactivitycandevelopteenagers’self-confidence.Yourchildcanlearntodealwithchallenges,communicatewithdifferenttypesofpeopleandbuilduphislifeskillsandabilitiesisasupportiveenvironment.Thisisalsogoodforteenagerself-esteem(自尊).Itcanbeverypositiveforyoungpeopletohavesomethingthatgetstheminvolved,whereothersexpectthemtoturnupandtakepart,andwherethey’resupportedtoachievesomethingaspartofagroup.Thepositivefeelingofbelongingandhavingmeaningcanhelpprojectyoungpeoplefromsadness.

61.Whatiscommunityactivity?

62.Whowillworkwithteenagersincommunityactivities?

63.Whatcanhelpcreateasenseofbeingconnectedtothecommunity?

64.Whatlifeskillcanteenagerslearnincommunityactivities?

65.Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout?

书面表达(共15分)

九、文段表达(15分)

根据中文和英文提示,写一篇意义连贯、符合逻辑、不少于50词的短文。请不要写出你的校名和姓名。

66.学校举办主题为“MyPocketMoney”的英语征文活动,请你就

以下三个方面谈谈自己的看法:中学生是否应该有零花钱?你平

时是如何使用零花钱的?怎样更好地管理你自己的零花钱?

·Shouldstudentshavepocketmoney?

·Howdoyouusuallyspendyourpocketmoney?

·Howcanyoumanageyourpocketmoneybetter?

北京市西城区2015年初三二模英语试卷答案解析

21.解析A。此题考查的是人称代词的宾格。句意为:格林先生教我们英语,我们都很爱他。结合动宾关系,这里要填入的是,人称代词he的宾格him。

22.解析C。此题考查地点介词,小地点我们要选择介词at,大地点是in,其他选项都不符合题意。

23.解析D。此题考查特殊疑问词。根据答语:当然是X-Men。我们可以推断出问句应该是在问,你最喜欢的电影是什么?其他选项都不符合语境。

24.解析D。此题考查连词。句意为:Robin是一个出色的演员,并且他也是一个好父亲。and表示并列,用于逻辑为并列关系的句子,在此题中符合语境。

25.解析B。此题考查情态动词。句意为,妈妈我能尝尝吗?我恐怕你不能,它太烫了。Should应该、Need需要、Can能,会、Must必须根据句意可知答案为C。

26.解析C。此题考查主将从现。assoonas引导的时间状语从句,主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时。

27.解析B。此题考查一般过去时态。根据句意:“谁昨天打扫了教室?李明”前半句出现了yesterday,断定是过去时,所以用一般过去时态。

28.C考查时态,根据他做这件事for5years而且他现在画的很好推断出此处应为现在完成时,所以答案为C。

29.A考查被动语态,云被吹走,排除C、D,而且中有时间标志词lastnight所以选择A

30.D考查宾语从句,第一步判断语序,应是陈述语序,排除A、C选项,根据答句before11:00a.m.tomorrow选择D。

31.A此处考查名词。由前面的babysitter可知此空应填children。

32.C此处考查动词。空后面为smoke,固应选择noticed注意到;watch意为“看”;recognize意为“认出来,承认”;realize意为“认识到,实现”。

33.D此处考查副词。but表示转折,与“Let’sgo”相反,并且下一段第一句为“ButJohndroveup”,所以,选择closer。其他三个选项皆为相反的意思。

34.B。此处考察动词辨析。当时John、Mary及老太太都在房子外,想要救出孩子,需先进入房子,找到孩子,才能带出,此路线有双向的含义。

A.Find“找到”,只是强调了进入的结果,并没有要“带出”的含义,故不选。

B.Get本身就有双向的含义,即goandbring,如Couldyougetmetoday’snewspaper?你能帮我拿今天的报纸吗?即“过去拿到再带来”之意。

C.Move“搬”,后面不与人搭配。

D.Hold“拿”,错因同C。故选B。

35.A此处考查名词。此空为被困儿童的位置,由下文36空后面bathroom可知选择A。

36.C此处考查动词。headfor意为“朝...行进”。Lookfor寻找;carefor照料;reachfor伸出...以触及。

37.A此处考查为形容词。frightened害怕的,受惊的;surprised惊奇的,惊讶的;sad悲伤的;sick生病的。根据文章情境,孩子应该是被惊吓到并且几乎窒息,所以选A。

38.D。需要联系上下文,盲做必死无疑。上文“Marygrabbedhisarmandshouted,“John!Don’tgoback!Thathousewillfalldowninanysecond!”交代背景,此时已经非常凶险,John如果再进入,会有生命危险。下文修饰“way”的是“downthesmoke-filledhallwayandintotheroom”,此处smoke-filled非常关键,意为“浓烟密布的”,一个成人在浓烟中很难睁开眼睛,只能靠摸索前进。最常见的错误选A,“followone’sway”表示“沿着某人的路”,似乎有道理;

B.goone’sway表示直观的“走出一条路”,缺乏描述性;

C.pushone’sway“闯出一条路”,常用于人多时的竞争场合,故不选;

D.feelone’sway“摸索一条路”,在眼睛看不见的状况下,用“摸索”更加生动地体现John的搜救过程。故D为最佳选项。

39.B。此处考查介词辨析。原句为“Itseemedacenturyhadpassed39hefoundbothchildrenandstartedback.”这个句子主句“Itseemed…”为一般过去时,从句“acenturyhadpassed39hefoundbothchildrenandstartedback”为过去完成时,表示“在他找到两个孩子似乎过去了一个世纪”,这是对John救人的心理描写,是救人结束后的有感而发。A.after“在……之后”,B.before“在……之前”,C.when“在……时”,D.until“直到……”。此处强调找孩子的过程非常艰难,故选择B。

40.C此处考查名词。放低身体试着获得一些空气。固选air。

41.A.细节题,画出关键词Elizabeth和startamedicalschool.根据Elizabeth定位到第一个框中,根据startamedicalschool定位到第一段最后一句话,可知答案是A。

42.B.细节题,画出关键词Shirley和1972,根据Shirley定位到第二个框中,根据1972定位到该段最后一句话中In1972,ShirleyranforPresident.可知答案选B。

43.D.细节题,画出关键词taughtphysics和SanDiego,定位到第四个框中最后一句话,可知是SallyRid.e。

44.C.解析:细节题。由题干关键词BenNovakisworkingto定位到文章第一段ScientistBenNovakisworkingtobringthebirdback.所以答案选C.

45.C.解析:细节题。由题干关键词passengerpigeonbecomeextinct定位到文章第一段Acenturyago,theybecameextinct(灭绝).所以答案选C.

46.A.解析:细节题。由题干关键词howpassengerpigeonlive定位到文章第三段ThepassengerpigeonliveddifferentlyfromotherbirdsinAmerica---inflocks(群)madeupmillionsofbirds所以答案选A.

47.A.解析:细节题。由题干关键词howpassengerpigeonhelpforests定位到文章第四段Theweightofsomanybirdsrestinginthetreesbrokesomanybranches(树枝).Thisallowedmoresunlighttoreachtheforestfloor,whichhelpedmoreplantsgrowing.

所以答案选A.

C篇

解析:本篇属于说明文,主要介绍了TEDxYouth能够让孩子们集中交流和分享自己的观点。本篇难度较小,48、49、50题均为细节题,在文中能够直接定位出,51题属于主旨大意题,需要对文章内容有整体的理解。

48、B。解析:此题是细节题。通过“...themainpurpose...”

定位文章第一段的最后一句话“Moreimportantly,itencourageskidstosharetheirideaswiththeworld.”选项B中的“tospreadkids’ideasallovertheworld”属于同义词替换,所以B选项正确。

49、D。解析:此题属于细节题。通过“...avolunteer...”定位第三段的最后一句“Ithoughttheeventwassurprising.Icouldn’tbelievethatkidsofmyagemadetheeventhappen.”可知答案为D。

50、B。通过题目定位第四段中间部分“Reporterstakepicturesfromtheeventandpostthemonline,andsendnewsaboutwhatishappeningatevent,interviewsomeofthespeakers,andwritearticlesabouttheevent.”对照四个选项可知,B选项和文中“interviewsomeofthespeakers”属于同义词替换,故B选项正确。

51、C。此题属于主旨大意题。根据文章第一段和最后一段可以分析出,文章主要在介绍TEDxYouth是全世界的孩子们分享自我观点的平台,孩子们可以通过这个平台达到分享观点的目的。由此可知C选项正确。容易造成迷惑的是D选项,文中最后一段的确提及TEDxYouth可以改变观点、生活和世界,但是这并不是全文的主要内容,故排除。

D篇

解析:本篇属于论说文,由KamalMeattle运用植物来清洁室内空气,以及围绕canplantsreallycleantheair展开的论说,主要介绍了植物在清洁空气方面的作用。

52.C

解析:此题属于细节题,通过“afterthedoctorsadvisedhimtoleaveIndia”定位在第四段最后一句“Hedecidedtostay,tryinginsteadtosolveasociety-wideproblemthat’sbecomeincreasinglyserious”,结合首段“KamalMeattle…grows…tohelpcleanitsindoorair”可知society-wideproblem是theindoorairpollutionproblem,所以答案选C项。

所以答案应该选D.

53.A

解析:本题属于推理判断题,根据题干theBioHome定位到第七段,由“ItlatertestedthevalueoftheplantstobothcleanairandrecyclewasteinbuildingknownastheBioHome”可知theBioHome是测试植物对于空气清洁和废物循环的价值的一个地方,不是关于thesizeofindoorforest的实验、也不是一个项目,所以B、C、D项不正确,选A项。

54.D

解析:此题是推理判断题。结合文章第二段“KamalMeattlehasaspecialwayofcleaningtheaircreativeandreponsibl”第四段“…hereallyhadnochoicebuttotrysomethingnew…Hedecidedtostay,tryinginsteadtosolveasociety-wideproblemthat’sbecomeincreasinglyserious”可知,Meattle富有创新思维和高度责任感,所以应选择D项。

55.A

解析:此题属于主旨大意题。通读全文,KamalMeattle的specialwayofcleaningtheair,以及围绕canplantsreallycleantheair?展开的论说,我们得知是在介绍植物在清洁室内空气方面的作用,B、D项只是截取文章部分信息、过于片面,C项airpolutionproblem只是细节信息、不是全文说明的对象,所以正确选项应该选A.

五选五

56.[B]上文父亲提醒作者今天有Clarinetclass,所以此处应选择B,作者想起来今天是有课。

57.[D]上文说Iwouldliketomissclass.可知作者是讨厌Clarinetclass的,所以此处的“Coming”是作者大喊出来的,表现出不愿意去上竖笛课选择D

58.[E]由“Cartraffic”推断出作者此时是在向车窗外看,所以选择E

59.[C]由下文的“What’simportantisthatIwasgoingtomissclass.Great!”可知车等着重新启动对作者来说并不重要,所以此处应选择C

60.[A]上文说他们最终只是迟到了几分钟,而这并未遂作者之愿,所以作者是不开心的,所以此处应选择A

回答问题

本文为说明文,文章概述了话题社区活动是什么。在接下来详细文章中说了青少年在社区活动中能做什么以及能得到什么提升。文章整体结构为总分结构,条理清晰,思路明确,易于查找答案

61.答案Communityactivityisaboutdoinginourcommunity.

解析:“Whatiscommunityactivity?”题目问社区活动是什么,属于细节题。文章第一段“Communityactivityisaboutdoinginourcommunitybecausewewanttoorwefeelweshouldratherthanbecausewehaveto.”直接给出定义,可直接得到答案。

62.答案Positiveadultsrolemodels

解析“Whowillworkwithteenagersincommunityactivities?”题目问青少年在社区活动中将和什么人一起工作,属于细节题。文章第四段Rolemodels中“Bygettinginvolvedwithcommunityactivities,teenagerscangetachancetoworkwithpositive(积极的)adultsrolemodelsbesidestheirparents.”中可直接得到答案。

63.答案Beinginvolvedinthecommunityactivities.

解析“Whatcanhelpcreateasenseofbeingconnectedtothecommunity?”题目问什么能帮助形成存在感是和我们的社区相联系的,属于细节题。文章第五段“Identityandconnection”中能找到大概的大体位置,而原文“Beinginvolvedinthecommunityactivitiescangiveyourchildapositivewayofunderstandingwhoheis.”中能得到答案,本题题目中的问句需要转换一种表达方式才能得到答案,考生应注意。

64.答案Beingabletomanagefreetime(whilebalancingfreetime,workandstudy).

解析“Whatlifeskillcanteenagerslearnincommunityactivities?”题目中问在社区活动中青少年能学到什么生活技能,属于细节题。关键短语“lifeskill”把答案确定在第六段“skill”中,后面部分的原文中有一句“Beingabletomanagefreetimewhilebalancingfreetime,workandstudyisanimportantlifeskill.Beingpartofacommunityactivitycouldhelpyourchildtogetmoreorganisedandstarttomanageherowntime”从此句中得到答案,本题同63题,需要转换方式得到答案。

65.答案.It’smainlyaboutwhatiscommunityactivityandthebenefitsofbeinginvolvedincommunityactivityforteenagers.

解析“Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout?”题目中问到本文章主要说了什么,属于主旨大意题型。文章在开头直接表达了社区活动是什么,而在后面每个分段落都在说社区活动对青少年能有什么好处,所以我们在回答问题中需要提到这两点。此问题在回答过程中学生容易社区活动的好处,应特别注意,并且在表达上确认表达无误。

5.写作

范文:

Nowadays,moreandmoremiddleschoolstudentsgetpocketmoneyfromtheirparents.Formypart,westudentsshouldhavesomepocketmoney.However,wemustspenditwisely.

Ihavepocketmoneyaswell.Usually,Ispendmostofmypocketmoneyinbuyingbooks,forthereasonthatIaminterestedinreading.AndIspendsomemoneyondailyuse.Youknow,sometimesI’dliketohangoutwithmyfriends.

Buthowcanwemanageourpocketmoneybetter?Hereismyadvice:ononehand,we’dbettermakeaplanatthebeginningofthemonth.Ontheotherhand,itisimportantforustosaveaproperamountofmoneyeachmonth.Aslongasyoudolikethis,Ibelieveyoucanmanagepocketmoneybetter.

A.话题:观点建议类,中学生零花钱

B.要点及时态

1.观点:学生该不该有零花钱

2.平常你的零花钱是如何花的

3.建议:如何更好地管理零花钱

时态:主要是一般现在时

C.范文分析

1.结构完整,要点齐全。

2.Nowadays,moreandmoremiddleschoolstudentsgetpocketmoneyfromtheirparents.Formypart,westudentsshouldhavesomepocketmoney.指出当前存在的现象,紧接着表明观点;

3.However,wemustspenditwisely.过渡句,引出下文;

4.Ihavepocketmoneyaswell,注意“也”的各种表达方式;

5.Ispendmostofmypocketmoneyinbuyingbooks,forthereasonthatIaminterestedinreading.句型spend...indoingsth.;短语forthereasonthat“因为”;

6.Buthowcanwemanageourpocketmoneybetter?Hereismyadvice.一问一答,直接将问题摆出来,增加文章句式多样性;

7.ononehand,ontheotherhand,一方面,另一方面;

8.句型we’dbetterdosth.,itisimportantforsb.todosth.

9.结尾点题,句型aslongas表示“只要……就”。

。

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